March 21, 2020

Dog Breeds 101: The Powerful Dogue de Bordeaux 3

Dogue de Bordeaux
Photo Credit: Jolie Banks- Owner

About The Dogue de Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux aka the French Mastiff, is a very powerful working-guardian breed. Under all that muscle power is a very affectionate, loyal wrinkle faced companion. They typically have very sweet temperaments, but can be stubborn and dominate over those who do not apply proper firm training from puppy hood.

 The key is to always be consistent. Remember to always do your research when trying to find a good breeder if trying to acquire this smooshed faced wrinkle baby.

The Dogue de Bordeaux is one of the oldest breeds in France. They are muscular, stocky and have a large head. While they are very gentle by nature, their loyalty makes them great guard dogs.

Dog Breeds 101: The Powerful Dogue de Bordeaux 5
Photo Credit: Jolie Banks - Owner

Breed Characteristics

  • Height: 23-27 inches at the shoulder
  • Weight: 120-160 pounds
  • Life Span: 5 to 10 years
  • Temperament: Vigalent, Devote, Even Tempered, Courageous, Loyal, Can be Stubborn, Dominate, Sweet, Gentle Giant
  • Colors: Red, Fawn, Mahogany
  • Family: great with kids
  • Living Requirement: A home with a yard is ideal

*Not a easy dog to own and is not a choice for novice dog owners.

Doesn't Do Well Alone

Bordeaux's may not do great alone, this breed loves people and loves to be in the middle of everything. They enjoy being included.


The Bordeaux are brachycephalic, which means they have short noses. They do not do so good in hot weather, they need to keep cool as to no to over heat. Brachycephalic dogs can die if left outside or forced to exercise in the heat for long periods.

Living Requirements

This breed will do better in a home with a large yard to run in, and with owners who have the time to walk them daily. Sometimes even multiple times a day. Typically Bordeaux's enjoy lounging around during the day, they tend to have short burst of energy when ready to play or to do their job as a guard dog.

Great With Small Children

This breed is great with children of any age. Their calm demeanor is a major factor when it comes to children. Of course, you never want to leave an animal of any size or breed alone with a child at any time. They also get along with other dogs and cats especially when raised together from puppy hood.

Dog Breeds 101: The Powerful Dogue de Bordeaux 6
Photo Credit: Jolie Banks - Owner


Expect to go through a 50 pound bag of food in a month. Depending in the Bordeaux. They may need additional nutritional supplements or even a special diet.

According to the National Research Council of the National Academies, an adult Dogue de Bordeaux weighing 140 pounds requires an average daily caloric intake of 2839 kcal.

-Carlotta Cooper

Bloat is a concerning factor in most giant breed dogs, especially the Dogue de Bordeaux. Avoid feeding one large meal a day. Most breeder prefer several small meals throughout the day as puppies, as they puppy grows then reducing the amount of feedings.

Many owners still feed at least three times daily even in adult dogs. Keeping in mind that it takes most giant breeds a few years to completely mature. Be sure to feed accordingly. Puppy food for puppies and adult food for adults. Here are a few ways to prevent bloat:

  • Splitting up meals
  • Slow feeder bowls
  • Monitoring exercise before and after meals
  • Prebiotics and Probiotics
  • Moistening dry dog food

The ingredients of a dog’s diet also appear to factor into susceptibility to bloat. A Purdue study examined the diets of over 300 dogs, 106 of whom had bloated. This study found that dogs fed a dry food that included a fat source in the first four ingredients were 170 percent more likely to bloat than dogs who were fed food without fat in the first four ingredients.

In addition, the risk of GDV increased 320 percent in dogs fed dry foods that contained citric acid and were moistened before feeding. On the other hand, a rendered meat meal that included bone among the first four ingredients lowered risk by 53 percent.

-The Whole-Dog Journal

This breed is prone to food allergies. Wheat being one triggering factor. Ideally stick with less common grains like barley and oats. Try foods with and without grains to see how which works best for your Bordeaux.

Dog Breeds 101: The Powerful Dogue de Bordeaux 7
Photo Credit: Jolie Banks- Owner

Potential Health Problems

If looking for a Bordeaux puppy always be sure they offer a health guarantee on their puppies. This tells you the puppy and its lineage are 100% healthy with no known health problems. Always look for honest breeders who are upfront about everything concerning the puppies and their breed.

Again this breed is brachycephalic, which means they are susceptible to temperature changes. They are also prone to heart diseases like dilated cardiomyopathy, and aortic stenosis. They are also known to have foot-pad hyperkeratosis.

A condition where the eyelids roll outward called ectropion is also a concern. Last but not least, obesity. You have the power to control what your dog does and does not eat and how often. Keeping them at a regular weight can help extend their life.

  • Brachycephalic: over heating
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Aortic stenosis
  • Foot pad hyperkeratosis
  • Gastric Dilatation and Voluptuous: Bloat

Gastric Dilation and Volvulus occurs dogs with large, deep, narrow chests. Also known as bloat. When a animal bloats the stomach twist on itself causing gas buildup and restricting blood to the stomach and sometimes the spleen.

Fun Facts

  • Only just recognized by AKC in 2008
  • Came in two variations the Dogue and the Doguin. (Doguin is extinct)
  • Dogue has come close to extinction twice in history. (WWI and French Revolutionary War)

Read about 'Zydeco The Bordeaux' here! We all love Z!

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Photo Credit: Jolie Banks - Owner
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