March 27, 2020

Dog Breeds 101: Labrador Retriever- Americas Official Favorite Breed 3
Labrador Retriever

Labrador Retriever

The Labrador Retriever is thought to be the best breed to hunt with or used to hunt with gun sportsmen. It is known as the 'gun dog', and has rightfully earned that name too. The Labrador is a loyal companion and makes a great pet!

 They are used for many jobs, service animal, drug sniffing dog, hunting companion, you name it. They have super friendly expressions that are unique to its breed. The Labrador is the epidemy of "Mans best friend."

History

Did you know the Labrador Retrieve is created from a Newfoundland? 

The modern Labrador Retriever is the ancestral result of a popular fishing and retrieving dog from Newfoundland and Labrador, an Atlantic coastal province in Canada near the Labrador Sea; as such, the Labrador carries with it some relationship to the modern Newfoundland water dog.
Originally, there were two distinct types under the one classification of Newfoundland dogs: the greater and the lesser, in which size was the main dictate for differentiating the two.
-https://www.petmd.com/dog/breeds/c_dg_labrador_retriever
Dog Breeds 101: Labrador Retriever- Americas Official Favorite Breed 5

The smaller of the two was the more agile and has a shorter smooth coat, where as the larger Newfoundland was much bigger in size. The large Newfoundland was is used to haul large and heavy objects through the water.

Not to say that the small Newfoundland was not capable of this. The small Newfoundland has many attributes that set it apart though! The small Newfoundland was a medium sized dog that way great at working for fisherman. Retrieving fishing nets and other essential gear from the Labrador Sea. 

There was one point where the Newfoundland breed was not so popular because Canada was charging a dog tax. However, during the 18th and 19th century British travelers began taking them back to Great Britain with them.

The smaller Newfoundland was the one that grew in immense popularity. By 1903 the breed had found its way into the English Kennel Club! With that came a new name: Labrador Retriever! Then in 1917, was accepted into the American Kennel Club!

Personality and Temperament

Labrador Retrievers are intelligent, hard working, agile, playful, and loving. They are truly amazing dogs, and will do great in homes with children of any age! They are extremely loyal, compassionate, and will guard their home and family when necessary!

Labrador Retrievers are very laid back but tend not to like being job less. This is a breed that was bred for work, so it would be ideal to keep them busy and give them something to do. 

Dog Breeds 101: Labrador Retriever- Americas Official Favorite Breed 6

Care and Health

  • Longevity: 10 - 13 years
  • Colors: Black. Brown, Yellow, sometimes 'Silver'- (very much frown upon with breeders)
    In f​act, most breeders say that the Silver Lab is not purebred at all.
  • Exercise: Need about a hour or more of exercise daily or they may become board and destructive
  • Grooming: Shed a lot- Need to be groomed diligently
  • Training: Begin training as young as possible, bad behavior problems will persist and become worse if not corrected at a young age
Dog Breeds 101: Labrador Retriever- Americas Official Favorite Breed 7

A small list of common health problems:

  • Prone to Cancer and Heart Problems
  • Osteoarthritis is common
  • Prone to ligament damage in hind legs
  • Gastrointestinal Syndrome- Bloat
  • Neurological and Neuromuscular Disease

Physical Characteristics

 The Labrador Retriever is a medium-sized dog, with a stocky sound structure. They have webbed toes, efficient for swimming. The Labrador has a short, dense, water proof, weather resistant coat and a otter like tail that helps propel them through the water. 

Did You Know

  1. The Labrador is one of the prime breeds selected for guide and rescue purposes.
  2.  They are thought to be decedents of the Newfoundland.
  3.  Labradors shed mostly all year.
  4. The breed almost went extinct in the 1800s. Canada taxed residents in Newfoundland for owning dogs, females were taxed higher than males.
  5. They are the most popular breed in America.
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